The method in which chassis are provided in the United States as compared to other countries is very different. The typical model used outside the United States was based upon chassis being owned and operated by the motor carrier. In the US, as part of their service offering, shipping lines developed a different approach where they provided chassis to motor carriers to move containers over the road. In the early 1990’s ocean carriers looked for ways to operate their chassis more efficiently, resulting in “Chassis pooling”. Chassis pooling allowed for the lines to share their chassis and improve the efficiency of the supply chain.
Prior to CCM’s inception, shipping lines typically had their own chassis to put under their own containers. As such, there were many different operating theories and was a disjointed approach to chassis provisioning in the United States.
Chassis pooling evolved into many forms over the next 15 years, including terminal pools, alliance pools, and interoperable pools. In 2005 the ocean carriers, under OCEMA, decided to take a more holistic approach to chassis pooling and created CCM to be the manager of their interoperable chassis pools.
It was realized through pooling, chassis could be operated at a 25% less asset base than what had originally been in place for moving cargo containers. There were operational synergies gained through a more efficiently run chassis operation materializing in a reduced carbon footprint As lines began to divest themselves of their chassis selling them to leasing companies, ocean carriers began to shift away from providing chassis for their shipments, making way for new models. And as ocean carriers further disengaged from chassis, the Shipper/motor carrier became increasingly responsible for providing chassis.
Chassis pools enable intermodal participants including ocean carriers, motor carriers, leasing companies, shippers, and more to access container chassis under one focused management at the lowest possible cost. In CCM pool models, where pools are modeled after interoperability, anytime a container comes off a train or a ship, it can use any chassis available in the network and motor carriers have the option of using that chassis freely within the network.